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危险货物运输的法规

AB感染性物质安全运输箱研发部 南北川行 2020-04-29 07:17:57 180 次
危险货物的运输规定基于《橙皮书》中所述的联合国专家委员会的建议。关于不同的运输方式和危险货物运输,有不同的立法和国际要求。每种运输方式都有其权威和法规手册,它们遵循的是“橙皮书”。这些机构是国际民航组织(航空),ADR(道路),RID(铁路)和IMO(海上)。
联合国认证包装经过国家当局的测试和批准,必须在所有运输方式中使用。包装性能是通过各种测试(包括压力,跌落和堆叠测试)建立的。所有包装均应具有指定设计类型的批准,包括封闭,构造以及需要时使用的吸收性填充材料。成功测试过的包装将被分配一个联合国标志,表明包装的类型,允许的包装组,重量和压力限制,液体或固体的授权以及证书注册号。包装上印有标记或压印标记,标记必须耐用,易读且具有指定尺寸。

托运人有责任确保产品与其容器和封盖兼容,使用常规包装,并通过联合国批准的标签来完成组合包装。托运人应按照规定负责危险货物包装的各个方面。

The regulations for the transport of dangerous goods are based on the Recommendations of the UN Committee of Experts as described in ‘The Orange Book’. There are different legislations and international requirements in place relating to the different modes of transport and the carriage of dangerous goods. Each mode of transport has its authority and regulation manual in which they follow ‘The Orange Book. These Authorities are ICAO (Air), ADR (Road), RID (Rail) and IMO (Sea).
UN Certified Packaging are tested and approved by national authorities and must be used with all modes of transport. Packaging Performance is established by a variety of tests which can include pressure, drop and stack testing. Approval is subject to all packaging being of specified design types including closures, conformations and when required absorbent filling material. Successfully tested packaging are allocated a UN mark indicating the type of packaging, the packing groups allowed, weight and pressure limitations, authorisation for liquids or solids and the certificate registration number. Markings are printed or embossed on the packaging and must be durable, legible and of a specified size.
It is the shippers responsibility to see that products are compatible with their containers and closures, that regulation packaging is used and that UN approved labelling completes the combination packagings. The shipper is responsible for all aspects of the packing of dangerous goods in compliance with the regulations.

危险货物的运输的法规-南北川行


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